Asian elephants snatched from the wild and conscripted to haul logs in Myanmar's timber industry live on average five years less than working elephants born in captivity, researchers said on 7 August, 2018.
Timber industry elephants have holidays, maternity leave and a mandatory retirement age.
"Captive-born working timber elephants in Myanmar live as long as wild ones," Lahdenpera noted.
"Wild-caught elephants carry the scars from their capture for a long, long time," said Lahdenpera.
Some Asian elephants live well into their 70s.